Focus Issue of the Journal of Materials Research on "Thermodynamics of Complex Solids”.
This Focus Issue will bring together experimentalists in thermodynamics and a wider circle of computational and structural scientists to understand the fundamental science of complex materials and apply this understanding to a rich variety of scientific and technological problems.
Manuscripts are solicited but not restricted to the following areas:
• High temperature refractories
• Functional materials
• Environmental and geological materials
• Soft and hybrid materials
Join us at the "Energy Landscapes in Biomineralization, Geochemistry, and Materials Science: A Celebration of Alex Navrotsky’s 75th Birthday" symposium
Monday 13th August, 08:30 am - 5.15 pm in 202
Tuesday 14th August, 08:30 - 10:00 am in 202
New ACS Earth and Space Chemistry Journal
The scope of ACS Earth and Space Chemistry includes the application of analytical, experimental and theoretical chemistry to investigate research questions relevant to the Earth and Space. The journal encompasses the highly interdisciplinary nature of research in this area, while emphasizing chemistry and chemical research tools as the unifying theme. The journal publishes broadly in the domains of high- and low-temperature geochemistry, atmospheric chemistry, marine chemistry, planetary chemistry, astrochemistry, and analytical geochemistry. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry publishes Articles, Letters, Reviews, and Features to provide flexible formats to readily communicate all aspects of research in these fields.
Metasomatism and ore deposits in the Earth’s crust: experimental and modeling methods
Goldschmidt Workshop, Boston 2018, August 11-12th
Organizers: Alexander P. Gysi (Colorado School of Mines), Daniel Harlov (GFZ Potsdam), Dmitrii A. Kulik (PSI, Switzerland), George D. Miron (PSI, Switzerland)
This two-day NSF-sponsored workshop includes hands-on tutorials, lectures, and discussions about current numerical thermodynamic modeling methods, the databases required, and the experimental approaches used for studying metal transport associated with hydrothermal fluid-rock interaction in the crust coupled with examples from nature. The goal of this workshop is to link thermodynamic modeling and experimental approaches, and bring together a broad community interested in the interpretation of crustal metasomatism and ore-forming processes. The workshop is intended for graduate students, researchers, and professionals whom want to learn how to apply the GEMS code package (http://gems.web.psi.ch) to geochemical modeling, as well as learn about how to use current experimental methods regarding fluid-rock equilibria at elevated P-T conditions. The GEMS code package is based on Gibbs energy minimization, and provides a user friendly framework for predicting mass transfer in complex non-ideal systems such as those associated with fluid-rock interaction and ore-forming processes. The workshop will cover: 1) fundamentals of the GEM-Selektor code package and thermodynamic databases for simulating fluid-rock systems; 2) the GEMSFITS parameter optimization tool for optimizing thermodynamic properties against experimental data; 3) an overview of experimental advances in the study of the stability and mobility of metasomatically induced and altered REE mineral phases in crustal rocks (e.g. monazite, xenotime, apatite, allanite, and titanite); 4) field case studies of metasomatism and associated REE mineral deposits.
SKT 2018 - Coupling Days in Selb, Germany
October 16th – 18th, 2018
The 7th Symposium on Coupling Techniques for Thermal Analysis to Evolved Gas Analysis provides a forum for scientists to present
their latest research results specifically obtained by using thermal analysis coupled to mass spectrometry (MS), FT-Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR),
and/or mass spectrometry/gas chromatography (GC-MS). The Symposium will offer a platform for exchanging tips and tricks on sample
preparation, experiments, and evaluation in lively discussions. The Coupling Days will provide food for thought to those participants who
are not yet very familiar with hyphenated techniques.
Renowned speakers from all over the world will present a summary of the state-of-the-art in coupling techniques and their applications.
First publication of the Alexandra Navrotsky Institute for Experimental Thermodynamics
The Washington State University and Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists, Di Wu, Xiaofeng Guo and Hongwu Xu, just published an invited review article entitled “Probing the Energetics of Molecule–Material Interactions at Interfaces and in Nanopores” in The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, in which they summarized their past achievements in the Peter A. Rock Thermochemistry Laboratory and gave their perspectives on using calorimetry to study the thermodynamics of interfacial phenomena. The article is featured as the journal front cover.
International Workshop on Knudsen Effusion Mass Spectrometry (KEMS) was held in Juelich, Germany, October 23-25, 2017
The event is dedicated to one of the most informative methods of thermal analysis, "Knudsen Effusion Mass Spectrometry" (KEMS). It is an independent and unique method which gives reliable information about a sample over a wide temperature range up to 3000 °C by means of the composition of the gas phase.
There is a long-standing need for experimental studies to determine thermodynamic data. Reliable thermodynamic data such as enthalpy, entropy, Gibbs energy, Helmholtz energy, activity, equilibrium constants, and others can be obtained in equilibrium state where the Gibbs energy has come to its minimum. Other methods of determining thermodynamic data involve the condensed phase where all defects and impurities of the compound under consideration will be an issue in the results. The KEMS technique is able to limits this constraint, as data is taken from the vapor phase for KEMS studies. This is the prominent feature of KEMS.
Over 40 participants from over 10 different countries participated in detailed presentations and lively discussions on the current state-of-the-art and future of this technique. The participants represented the majority of the active research laboratories in KEMS worldwide. Topics included application of KEMS to such areas as high temperature thermodynamics of oxides, metallic alloys, polymers, atmospheric aerosols, catalytic materials, geological materials, electronic materials, and nuclear materials. Instrumentation methods presented included overviews of state-of-the-art mass spectrometers and computer modeling of sampling and ionization processes. The workshop included a good mix of younger researchers, mid-career researchers, and more seasoned researchers. Proceedings will be published in the Calphad Journal. Similar symposia focused on KEMS have been held in St. Petersburg, Russia (1991), Plyos, Russia (2003), Juelich, Germany (2012). The Juelich 2012 Proceedings were published as an Electrochemical Society Transactions Volume 46. Plans are to continue this symposium every few years to bring together researchers using this valuable technique.
Herbert Ipser honored with the Hume-Rothery Prize
Herbert Ipser, former head of the Department of Inorganic Chemistry/Materials Chemistry and longtime professor of inorganic chemistry at University of Vienna, has been honored with the prestigious "Hume-Rothery Prize" by the London Institute of Materials, Metals and Mining for his life's work. The annual award was bestowed upon him for his outstanding contribution to the elucidation of phase equilibria in materials of metallurgical importance and his excellent contributions to the thermochemistry of materials.
Technical session on molecular aspects of clay minerals at the Clay Minerals Society Annual Meeting, June 11-14, 2018, University of Illinois (USA)
Molecular Studies of Clay Minerals and Related Structures
Molecular simulation and spectroscopy are well-established fields of research for investigating the structure and chemical processes of clay minerals and their interfaces. The primary aim of this symposium is to gather professionals from a variety of scientific disciplines to better understand molecular aspects of clay mineral behavior. This effort includes contributions from computational chemistry (quantum, classical, coarse-grained, etc.), spectroscopies (NMR, vibrational, etc.), and neutron/synchrotron-based methods (scattering, X-ray reflectivity, X-ray absorption, etc.).
Invited speaker: Eric Ferrage, Université de Poitiers, FRANCE
Session organizer: Jeffery Greathouse, Sandia National Laboratories
Abstracts may be submitted February 1 – April 6, 2018
Alexandra Navrotsky Institute for Experimental Thermodynamics
To enable Dr. Navrotsky’s enduring legacy in the education of Ph.D. students and postdoctoral scholars, in serving as an exemplar for generations of female physical scientists, and in leading fundamental, innovative, experimentally based thermodynamic (calorimetric) research, Dr. Navrotsky has provided transformative gifts to WSU and UC Davis. At WSU, her gift enables an endowment for a new research institute, the Alexlnstitute, which will serve as an aegis for experimental thermodynamics research and will enhance the careers of aspiring scientists, including two of her former Ph.D. students who recently joined the WSU chemical engineering and chemistry faculty.
Best student presentation award
Ms. Einat Stroumsa, a graduate student in Prof. Shmuel Hayun group at the Department of Materials Engineering, Ben Gurion University of the Negev Israel, won the best student presentation award at the fall meeting of the European Materials Research Society, 2017 held in in Poland. The title of the presentation is High-Temperature Thermophysical Properties of Additively Manufactured (AM) Ti6Al4V
Thermodynamics consortium workshop 2018
The next Thermodynamic consortium workshop will be hosted by Dr. Di Wu and Dr. Xiaofeng Guo at Washington State University in July 2018